Cereals Corner

Coming Together to Set Canadian Wheat Research Goals

  • Victoria Linden, Guest Author
  • Director of Research, Cereals Canada

The value of engaging the entire wheat chain

When the Canadian Wheat Research Priorities task group convened in 2019 to begin the consultative process that would create the 2020-2022 priorities, they purposely invited representatives along the entire wheat value chain from across Canada.

“There is tremendous value in having everyone at the table,” says Dean Dias, CEO of Cereals Canada – the organization that co-chaired the development of the research priorities together with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC).

“We set out to have the entire value chain involved to have a view from research on what is possible and what to focus on, a view from growers on yield and profitability, and a view from customers and exporters who know what is needed in the marketplace. And there is the role that groups funding public research, including AAFC, have in contributing to setting research priorities,” says Dias.

Setting representative priorities

Adam Dyck understands the value of an inclusive process from both sides of the table. He co-chaired the theme on customer quality. And for the past 11 years, he’s been in charge of Canadian operations for Warburtons – the largest bakery in the UK that sources over 50% of its wheat from its long-running Canadian Identity Preserved Program.

“There was an open invitation across the wheat value chain to participate including public and private wheat breeders, the seed industry, growers, grain companies, millers, end users and academia,” says Dyck.” With all these voices around the table, you develop outcomes that carry a lot of weight and represent the industry’s wishes. Having everyone in the value chain involved in priority setting helps develop a strong theme.”

Balancing standard wheat breeding goals (e.g. yield) with the quality traits that end-users want is an interesting and ongoing challenge when setting research goals around the customer quality theme. “We need to make sure that outcomes fit the end-use purpose,” says Dyck. “So that what we are asking of wheat breeders in terms of quality, actually fits what end users want.”

One example of customer quality research that could benefit the whole value chain is work on rapid testing for qualities like gluten strength and milling properties. Researchers are looking at cost-effective rapid testing tools that could help breeders measure these quality traits earlier in the breeding process. This ensures that varieties released to market are well suited for the entire chain.

Focus on customer satisfaction

All five themes in the research priorities document focus on producing more wheat, more consistently, and improving the sector for the benefit of everyone in the value chain. It’s a key way to ensure Canada maintains its track record as a source for high-quality wheat around the world.

“Our goal with these priorities is to keep demand strong so growers see wheat as a profitable crop and keep acreage up,” says Dyck. “Canada is already a world leader in wheat, so if we collaborate on research priorities – and execute them successfully over time – we can keep current customers happy and attract new customers to Canadian wheat.”

Inform funding decisions

Another critical element of the collaborative priority setting is to deliver a clear message to wheat research funders on what the value chain agrees the priorities are. “This shared voice is extremely powerful and it’s why it was so important to ensure representation from the entire value chain,” says Dyck. “We need to invest in research in the right places and another reason for the strategy to include funding groups in the priority setting process.”

Bringing all the players in the sector together to develop shared priorities for Canadian wheat research builds a balanced, informed approach that considers multiple aspects. “You could have high-quality wheat that doesn’t yield well, or high-yielding wheat that doesn’t meet the need of end-use customers,” says Dias. “That’s why it was so critical to build a loop where the industry came together to have those types of discussions as a whole value chain to set relevant targets for wheat research in Canada.”

For more information on the 2020-2022 Canadian Wheat Research Priorities, visit cerealscanada.ca.