I have long wondered about several things:
I was delighted to read Kate Raworth’s book, Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist. The book has nothing to do with edible doughnuts. Instead, the shape of a doughnut is a useful illustration of a zone good for everyone (represented by the doughnut itself), with disagreeable or dangerous zones in the doughnut hole and the area outside of the doughnut.
Kate Raworth describes her struggles with traditional economics as a young economics student. She addresses most of the things I have wondered about, and introduces many other economy-related things that need improving. She has some great ideas as to what improved economics could do for us.
For example, Raworth observes that “as of 2015, the world’s richest 1 per cent now own more wealth than all the other 99 percent put together”. She suggests that our economy should be distributive by design, allowing the 99 percent to put to good use the wealth that is presently not available to them.
GDP, the total monetary value of goods and services, is an antiquated measure still widely used in describing national success and in determining policy. However, human well-being includes much more than people’s income or spending. Alternative suggested indices include the Human Development Index (developed by the United Nations), the Happy Planet Index, the Inclusive Wealth Index, and the Social Progress Index.
Raworth’s book has many more observations and insights. In a nutshell, Raworth states that, “We have an economy that needs to grow, whether or not it makes us thrive. We need an economy that makes us thrive, whether or not it grows.”
A TED talk with Kate Raworth summarizes the book well.